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How to Install Tile Flooring at Home - Rollza
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How to Install Tile Flooring at Home

The installation process for tile flooring is not complicated. In fact, it's a surprisingly manageable DIY project that just about anyone can do with the right tools and know-how. To help you get started on your next home renovation project, we've put together this comprehensive guide to installing tile flooring at home."

Steps To Install Tile Flooring

1. Tools and Materials

- Saw to cut materials (handsaw, table saw or circular saw)

- Hammer for tapping in nails, stapler gun with staples appropriate for the substrate type being installed. For example - galvanized roofing nails on metal framing; a flooring nailer will work on wood floor tiles.

- Trowel for spreading mortar or grout

- Level and straightedge, to level the flooring on both sides before it is installed

- Chalk line (optional) - if you want to install tile in a specific pattern as opposed to random laying tiles directly onto the subfloor

- Utility knife or scoring tool for cutting tiles

- Flat-head screwdriver or pry bar

- Tile - for installing tile, we recommend buying ceramic flooring rather than porcelain. Ceramic is more durable and less expensive to replace if a piece breaks in transit or during installation; you also won't have the issue of glazed surfaces that scratch easily

- Unsanded grout. Grouting is typically done with unsanded or sanded white cement-based mortar, but some tile types require a specific type of unsetter (such as epoxy resin). Read the installation instructions for your particular tiles to see what kind you'll need

- Tile spacers - these are used to keep tiles separated from one another while they're being installed

- Tile cutter (optional) - these are available in many different styles, but can be used for cutting large sheets of tile into smaller pieces. They work best with ceramic or porcelain and comes in handy if you need to cut a bunch of tiles at once

- Hair dryer (optional) - for removing air bubbles in grout

- Grout sealant. This is a protective coating that goes over the tile and grout to keep dirt, spills and stains from being absorbed into the surface of your tiles

- Paintbrush or roller with extension handle - these are used when applying thin-set mortar or floor sealant

- Drop cloths for protecting the floor or furniture from spills and splatters

- Clear silicone - this is a semitransparent material that's used to fill in gaps between tiles and to eliminate "spreading" of grout

2. Preparing the Floor

This step should only be taken if you're not careful about doing it beforehand and are installing something that would need more support than what your subfloor offers (i.e. wood flooring).

Use spackle to create a surface that the new product will stick to. Be sure you measure for this before beginning installation or else the work can be very time-consuming and messy if not done correctly from the start.

Remove your old floors with whatever tool is appropriate, such as a crowbar. If you don't do this, you'll have to make sure your new flooring is very securely glued down.

 

3. Installing Tile Edging

Installing or laying tile edging is a process that will add durability and help to keep your tiles in place. Tile edging should be installed all around the space where you have tiled, leaving approximately half an inch of overlap on each piece for grout joints. This installation procedure is best completed with a helper because it may take some time and the tiles may shift if you're installing in a large space.

  1. First, lay out your tile edging on either side of the area where it will be installed so that there is half an inch overlap from piece to piece for grout joints or use spacers.
  2. Second, align one row with another by placing the first tile edging in the bottom left hand corner and lining up with a row of tiles.
  3. Third, use spacers between the rows to align each piece as it is placed down one at a time.

4. Working with Grout

Working with grout is a process that will help seal the space between tiles and create a stronger bond. It's important to use as little grout as possible in order to avoid making it difficult for your tile edging because this joint fills up quickly.

  1. First, make sure you have an ample amount of water nearby (a bucket or hose) and a grout float.
  2. Second, make the grout to be used by following instructions on container, or mix it with water if you have no instructions available.
  3. Third, coat all tiles with tile sealant before applying any grout onto them in order for this process to go smoothly without possible discoloration of the tiles.
  4. Fourth, use the grout float to apply a thin layer of grout over tile joints and wait for it to dry before flipping any tiles over or moving any furniture in the room. If you're working with more than one color of tiles, make sure that all tiled surfaces are coated completely in sealant before applying each color of grout.

5. Cleaning Up Your Work Area

Cleaning up your work area is a process that will help to reduce the mess created from grout and tile installation.

  1. First, use a shop vacuum with an attachment to suck up any loose dust or dirt particles before sweeping it away.

 

  1. Second, sweep all tiles in the room thoroughly until there are no more grout particles or debris left behind.

 

  1. Third, use a damp cloth to wipe down any remaining dust and then dry off with a clean towel or rag. Make sure you're not using too much water so that it doesn't seep into the grout joints where there is no sealant in place yet. If this happens, your tiles may start sliding around or may not be as durable.

Here are some additional tips to help you create a neat work area:

  1.  Keep all necessary tools and materials together in one place so there is no hunting for anything.
  2. Place furniture pieces that need to be moved somewhere else before installation (such as couches or chairs) back into their original positions after the process has been completed.
  3. Use a trash can for all excess grout and tile pieces that are being discarded or recycled.

6. Sealing the Tile Floor for Protection Against Moisture and Staining"

 

Once the tile edging is installed, it's important to seal it with a waterproofing product. This will help protect your floor against moisture and staining.

It's best to use a paint-on liquid sealant that has been made specifically for ceramic or porcelain tiles in order to ensure its efficacy (most of these products can be found at your local hardware store).

First, coat the tiles with sealant and let it dry for 24 hours. Then wait an additional week before reintroducing furniture or water to the flooring surface in order to allow time for the sealant's finish to harden completely.

If you have a large space that has been tiled, you can use a pad or roller to apply the sealant before allowing it dry.

If you're looking for a do-it-yourself project to take on, installing tile flooring is an especially rewarding home improvement that will make your space feel new again. The steps we've outlined are all manageable and straightforward with the right tools and know-how. If you have any questions about this process or want help choosing tiles for your own installation, please don't hesitate to reach out--we'd be happy to help!

 

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